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Length Of Lh Surge During Ovulation

Helen asks…

What is this??

Ok day before yesterday i noticed some clear but watery slimmy stuff (mucus) coming out of me.I didn’t have intercourse the nite before noticing this stuff. So could this be a sign of inplantation or sign of ovulation?
I have also have been vomunating off and on for now about a week, sore boobs.

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

It’s a sign of ovulation.

Read this:

All About Ovulation

What is Ovulation?
Ovulation is the release of a mature egg (ovum) from the ovarian follicle. Each menstrual cycle, several ovarian follicles begin to mature and develop under the influence of pituitary hormones. Usually only one follicle develops fully. While the other follicles recede, this dominant follicle produces an egg which will be released and which can be fertilized. The growing follicle secretes increasing amounts of the hormone estrogen. Following peak estrogen production, there is a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH). The LH surge triggers the release of the mature egg from its follicle. This is ovulation.

After Ovulation
Once ovulated, the egg is picked up by one of the fallopian tubes and begins to travel towards the uterus in the fallopian tube. This is where fertilization, if it is to happen, takes place. The follicle that released the egg becomes known as the corpus luteum after ovulation and begins to secrete the heat inducing hormone, progesterone.

The lifespan of the egg after ovulation is just 12-24 hours, maybe even less. Fertilization must take place within this timeframe. After this timeframe, the egg begins to degenerate and is no longer capable of being fertilized. This seems like a very short window of time for conception to take place. However, sperm deposited prior to ovulation can survive in the female reproductive tract for a few days, so the few days before ovulation takes place are also considered fertile days.

Ovulation and the Cycle Phases
Ovulation is the event that defines the phases of the menstrual cycle. The phase before ovulation, when the ovarian follicles are developing, is called the follicular phase. The phase after ovulation is called the luteal phase. The length of the follicular phase may vary but the luteal phase length is generally constant from cycle to cycle for the same woman, lasting 10-16 days. When cycles are irregular, it is usually because ovulation occurred earlier or later than usual. Knowing when ovulation occurred allows you to see if intercourse was well-timed for conception and lets you determine your luteal phase length. Knowing your luteal phase length tells you when to expect your period or a positive pregnancy test result.

The fertility chart below illustrates the cycle phases with ovulation indicated by the vertical red line.

Cycle Phases

When does Ovulation take place?
Ovulation takes place, on average, about two weeks before your period, though it can vary from 10-16 days before the onset of menstruation depending on the length of your luteal phase. During an “average” 28 day cycle, ovulation is usually expected to take place between cycle days 13-15. Based on this guideline, many women are taught to expect ovulation around day 14 of their menstrual cycle. Many women, however, do not have average cycles and even those who usually do may see irregularities from time to time.

A typical menstrual cycle may be anywhere from 21 to 35 days according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Some women even notice cycles that are shorter or longer than this. Ovulation, then, may occur much earlier or later than typical guidelines suggest. For example, ovulation may occur on cycle day 23 during a cycle that is 35 days long for a woman with a 12 day luteal phase while ovulation may occur on cycle day 10 for a woman with a 24 day cycle and a 14 day luteal phase length. This variation among women and from cycle to cycle means that there is really no simple “one-size-fits-all” mathematical formula to calculate your ovulation date. However, it is possible to learn how to identify your own ovulation date and fertile signs by examining your fertility signals.

Detecting Ovulation
Your ovulation date and your time of peak fertility can be detected by charting your fertility signs. This is because our bodies produce signals that can alert us that ovulation is approaching and tell us when ovulation has passed. Fertility signs that indicate that estrogen levels are high and ovulation is approaching (and fertility is high) include observing increasingly stretchy and “egg white” cervical fluid and observing a high, soft and open cervix. Commercial devices such as ovulation prediction kits (OPKs) and fertility monitors can also tell us that ovulation is approaching by measuring the presence of estrogen or luteinizing hormone (LH) in urine. Charting your basal body temperature (BBT) allows you to pinpoint the day of ovulation and tells you when ovulation has passed because progesterone raises the basal body temperature after ovulation.

Susan asks…

when is my girlfriend most fertile?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

According to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, you should have sex quite often (at least several times) a week around the ovulation phase.
The egg that is released during ovulation lives from 6 up to 24 hours, during that time it can be fertilized by sperm. Sperm usually lives about three days but in some cases can live up to 7 days in cervical mucus. This means that having sex 6 to 3 days before ovulation and during ovulation, you have the highest chances of conceiving. Thus your chances to conceive during ovulation are 40 percent, chances to conceive 1 to 2 days before ovulation are 30 percent, 4 to 6 days you have 10 percent chances to conceive.
It is also important to have sex regularly throughout the cycle, not only during ovulation, because this will boost the quality of sperm.

Timing your fertile time

Calculating fertile days

An average woman’s cycles will range from 21 up to 35 days and may also vary throughout the year. The menstrual cycle starts from the first day of your period and the days between the first and the next period determine your cycle length. In order to determine your most fertile days you need to keep track of your menstrual cycles for about 6 months to find your shortest and longest menstrual cycle. You need to subtract 14 days from the length of your average cycle. For example, if your average cycle is 25, then ovulation occurs about 11 days after the first day of your period. This method can be quite tiresome for some women especially for those who have irregular cycles.

Basal body temperature

Tracking your basal body temperature is another method to find out your most fertile time. Take temperature in your rectum or in your mouth every morning for about 3 months, before awakening and getting up. The temperature rises when ovulation has occurred. You are most fertile 4-6 days before and 1-2 days after the temperature rise.

Cervical mucus changes

The changes in the consistency of your cervical mucus can predict your most fertile time. These secretions occur due to hormonal changes. When the menstruation ends, the mucus is dry and it becomes wetter leading up to ovulation until it is the consistency of raw egg, slippery and stretchy during ovulation and this means that you are most fertile during this phase.

Ovulation Predictors tests

Today there are a number of handy and convenient tools to help you predict your most fertile time during menstrual cycle. You can buy the ovulation tests and use them at home to determine when you are most likely to conceive. There are two basic types of ovulation tests.

The first types are ovulation tests that determine the increase of luteinising hormone(LH) that takes place about 12 to 36 hours before ovulation. This type of ovulation test detects the amount of LH hormone in a sample of blood or urine.

The second type is saliva-based ovulation tests. They determine the surge of the oestrogen levels that occurs near ovulation. They come in the form of small portable microscope that detects when your saliva takes fern-like pattern, taking place at the time leading up to ovulation

Sharon asks…

Best Days To Conceive?

hello, i am trying to conceive after a miscarriage but i am not sure when my best days are? i started my cycle on october 13 which is last sat. can anybody help me?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Ovulation is the release of a single, mature egg from a follicle that developed in the ovary. It usually occurs regularly, around day 14 of a 28-day menstrual cycle.

Once released, the egg is capable of being fertilized for 12 to 48 hours before it begins to disintegrate. This is the most fertile period of your cycle: during ovulation your chances of conception are highest.

When does ovulation occur?

Ovulation usually takes place 14 days after the beginning of your menstrual cycle. The time of ovulation within the menstrual cycle is determined by the luteal phase, which is usually 12 to 16 days long.

You can calculate the time of ovulation within your cycle by subtracting the length of your luteal phase from the length of your cycle. For example, if your cycle is 28 days long and your luteal phase is 12 days long, the ovulation will occur on day 16 of your cycle (28-12=16).

The exact time of ovulation may vary within your cycle, because ovulation can be delayed by a number of factors such as stress, illness, diet, or increased physical activity.

How does ovulation determine my fertile days?

Your fertile period starts about 4-5 days before ovulation, and ends about 24-48 hours after it. This is because sperm can live in your body for approximately 4 to 5 days, and the egg can live for 24 to 48 hours after being released. You are most fertile on the day before and the day of ovulation.

What happens in my body during ovulation?

The process of ovulation is triggered by the release of Luteinizing Hormone (LH). The levels of this hormone increase significantly about 1-2 days before ovulation, causing the egg to be released from the ovary (this increase is known as the ‘LH surge’). The egg travels down the fallopian tube towards the uterus. If fertilization does not occur within 24 to 48 hours after ovulation, the egg disintegrates and is expelled with the uterus lining at the start of your next period, usually 12-16 days later. If fertilization occurs, the egg implants itself in the lining of the uterus and begins its growth, resulting in a pregnancy.

The luteal phase, also referred to as ‘days past ovulation’ or ‘DPO’, is the part of the cycle that starts at ovulation and ends the day before your next period. It usually lasts about 14 days and does not vary by more than a day in each person. The luteal phase is named after the corpus luteum (Latin: “yellow body”), a structure that grows on the surface of the ovary where a mature egg was released at ovulation. The corpus luteum produces progesterone in preparing the body for pregnancy. Your luteal phase must be at least 10 days long to support pregnancy.

The importance of the luteal phase

The length of the luteal phase determines the time of ovulation within your menstrual cycle. Ovulation can be delayed by a number of factors, such as stress, increased activity or medication, but the length of the luteal phase is usually constant. Taking this into account, you can calculate the time of ovulation within your cycle by subtracting the length of your luteal phase from the length of your cycle.

For example, if your cycle is 28 days long and your luteal phase is 12 days long, the ovulation will occur on day 16 of your cycle (28-12=16). Ovulation Calendar uses this formula to calculate your time of ovulation.

How do I determine the length of my luteal phase?

The only way to determine the exact length of your luteal phase is through hormone-specific blood tests.

What if I don’t know the length of my luteal phase?

If you are not sure about the length of your luteal phase, you can assume it is 14 days (the average length for most women).

Hope this helps..good luck..

Sandy asks…

i am ttc since 3 months.but evrytime failing :( .my periods have been regular thruout life.i am 24yr old.?

how many times should i do *** during my ovulatory days.how can i get to know which is the most suitable time when my egg is out and ready.
what can possibly be wrong in me??? i am so scared to go to a gynae . but someone told me that gynae can tell u the exact time of ovulation . is it true ??

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Basicaly you need to start keeping track of your bbt take your temp every morning before you get out of bed, go to the bathroom , get a drink or anything take the temp first and keep track of it i kept a little notebook next to my nightstand and would write the date and time and what the temp was. You want to make sure your timing ovulation right and usually if your pretty regular on your cycles wait for two weeks past your next expected period and take a hpt here is a few tips that might help:

Counting Days.
The first day of your cycle begins on first day of bleeding. Count from that day until your next period. If you see a regular pattern, you can determine ovulation from the 11th to 14th day of your next period. Note that, to use this method, you must know how long your cycle usually lasts. Our ovulation calendar works well to pinpoint the potential fertile periods for those who have regular cycles.

Change in cervical mucus.
As your cycle progresses, your cervical mucus increases in volume and changes texture. The greater volume and changes in texture reflect your body’s rising levels of estrogen. You are considered most fertile when the mucus becomes clear, slippery, and stretchy. Many women compare mucus at this stage to raw egg whites.

Lower abdominal discomfort.
About one-fifth of women actually feel ovulatory activity, which can range from mild achiness to twinges of pain in the lower abdomen. The condition, called mittelschmerz (German for “middle-pain”), may last anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours and is a positive sign of ovulation.

A rise in body temperature.
Following ovulation, your temperature can increase by 0.5 to 1.6 degrees. You won’t feel the shift, but you can detect it by using a basal body temperature (BBT) thermometer. This temperature spike indicates that you’ve ovulated releasing an egg and stimulating the production of the hormone progesterone which raises body temperature. Its important to note, that this method does not predict the time of ovulation but can only help you in knowing whether you have already ovulated or not.

Ovulation Tests / Ovulation Predictor Kits
Ovulation tests work by detecting the pre-ovulation LH Surge in your body. These are very popular, can be used at home and allow you to predict, with great accuracy, your most fertile time of the month.

Clearly, the dynamics of the menstruation differ greatly among women. Length and regularity of the cycle may vary between women or for a particular woman over time. However, if your menstrual cycle occurs more frequently than every 21 days – or if your cycle is longer than 35 days, your cycle can be considered a bit irregular. If it consistently lasts more than 45 days, you may want to talk to your doctor. An irregular cycle or missed period is not necessarily a sign of a medical issue and can be influenced by diet, stress, and increase in physical activity, or illness. However, prolonged irregularities can indicate irregular ovulation, or anovulation (no ovulating at all). In such cases, contact your doctor to

Lisa asks…

Trying to conceive?

Sorry if there is too much info. My fiance and I are TTC. I am a healthy 28 year old and it is going on 3 months since I have discontinued the BCP. I have been on BCP for years so this is the first time I am actually noticing the signs my cervical mucus because the first time I got pregnant with my daughter I got off the pill and the next month I was pregnant. So now it has been 3 months and nothing. I am due for my period and have been love making almost every day last month June. I was suppose to get my period today. I haven’t been able to tell if I am ovulating yet because I am still learning how to. Last night during love making I had noticed this snot like mucus, it wasn’t wet like just sticky. I did not have an orgasm nor did my fiance had one. Could it be possible that instead of having my period I am just now ovulating when actually my period is due?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

That really isn’t the best time to judge your cervical mucus, as there are too many fluids going around! You have arousal fluid, which is separate from your cervical fluid, and then there is the added semen, which can be hard to differentiate. You can, however, feel your cervix to see what position it is in. Http://www.fertilityfriend.com/HelpCenter/FFBook/ff_fertility_signs.html#45 This website has details on how to check it, but you could also get an ovulation predictor kit at any pharmacy to check for your LH surge to indicate impending ovulation.

If you already ovulated, it is going to be hard to tell anything really. Charting your temperatures would be really helpful to you as you come off BC pills so that you can see what your body is doing and if you are even ovulating. Www.fertilityfriend.com does a great job explaining it all, as does the book Taking Charge of Your Fertility by Toni Weschler. Basically, you just take your temperature each morning before getting out of bed, and you will see a pattern and be able to figure out your exact ovulation, the length of your luteal phase, when to expect your period or take a HPT, and even be able to see certain “signs” you may be pregnant.

Good luck, and hang in there. You can do Kegels after sex to get the semen out and then get a truer picture of your cervical fluid consistency.

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Can You Get A Positive Lh Surge After Ovulation

Susan asks…

What do I ask my Ob-Gyn? Wierd LH surges?

ok..this is wierd. I had a LH surge on 14DPO (Positive) . Lighter LH on OPK on 15,16,17.18 DPO. On 19 DPO, I saw another surge. 20DPO LH is lighter than 19 but darker than 18 DPO. I know something wierd is going on. Have a doc visit tomorrow. These are the questions I have for you.

1. To see if I ovulated or not, what are the tests that I can ask the Dr. to consider taking?
2. Is the ultrasound of the ovaries done vaginally or can it also be done trans abdominal?
3. What other blood tests can I ask her to take. She already took a Total & Free testosterone, H1A, Insulin, Prolactin everything came out normal. My DHEAS and ACTH were slightly more than normal, but tests for my adrenal glands came out fine.

Any assistance is great.

Im sorry it was 14 DPO and 19 DPO. Thanks
Oh God, It was CD 14 and CD 19. Sorry…
Thanks so much. I got my TSH tested and it was normal too. This is the first time its happening this way..SO, im confused. Hopefully not much bad news from the doc

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

I need you to clarify something–you say you got positive ovulation tests on 14 dpo–days past ovulation, and 19dpo? Is this correct? Or do you mean Cycle days 14 and 19?

OK, this is my guess as to what is happening, your body is gearing up to ovulate, you get the surge, and then for some reason, the egg isn’t released. So a few days to a week later, your body gears up again, LH surges again, and you may or may not ovulate.
Going to the doc is the pefect first step.
To answer your questions:
1. To see if you ovulated they can do a progesterone blood draw, but you have to be 7-9 days past ovulation for the results to be valid.
2. For the best view of the ovaries the ultrasound needs to be done trans vaginally. If you are a very very thin woman they MIGHT be able to see them abdominally.
3. You could also ask to be tested for: TSH.

Laura asks…

What is a surge? (When talking about ovulation detection?)?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

It’s an LH surge. It’s when your luteunizing hormone surges, which then triggers ovulation. So when someone says they got a positive OPK, or got their surge, it means they are going to be ovulating :)

Good luck to you, and lots of baby dust!

Ruth asks…

can ovulation tests show pregnancy?

once you have your LH surge and ovulate…if you succesfully concieve does that surge stay up?? and therefore show up on an ovulation test??

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Yes, ovulation tests do detect pregnancy.

“Using an ovulation test to confirm pregnancy;

Overall– yes, it can be done. Ovulation predictor tests (known as OPK’s because they are normally sold in a set of tests known as a “kit,” thus the K) will show a positive result when a woman is pregnant, as well as when she’s ovulating.

Specifically– while it works most of the time, there are good reasons to avoid using an OPK as an HPT for diagnostic purposes. If you want to pee on any stick that will stand still after you know you’re pregnant, just for fun, have at it. But I would not recommend using an OPK in place of an HPT overall.

Reasoning– OPK’s detect LH (luteinizing hormone) which is the hormone associated with ovulation. Pregnancy tests detect hCG, the hormone associated with pregnancy. LH and hCG are, at a molecular level, nearly identical. HCG has a beta subunit, meaning it has an extra little “doodad.” To use a stupid but easy to understand example, LH and hCG are identical twins, except that hCG wears a funny hat.”

Helen asks…

Ovulation Test Kit?

I have been trying to conceive now.
My period is irregular.2 months ago was my last period
Doctor put me on Norethisterone and my period came on 15 July,which lasted for 5 days.
I have been using an ovulation kit anytime now to see when am i ovulation but so far have been unsuccessful(always shows negative)
But right now i am having mild cramps and also mood swings.
I want to know if i am pregnant,will there be a surge in the LH?And could the ovulation test kit probably give a positive result?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

If a women is pregnant sometimes the hcg in your urine will cross react with the Ovulation test and show a positive result HOWEVER in order for you to use an ovulation test this way you have to remember a few things.

The test line must be clearly as dark or darker then the control line.

It’s still possible you aren’t pregnant and that you are actually ovulating.

I highly recommend using only a HPT for testing for pregnancy.

Still if you want to use an OPK that you have lying around just remember the above tips.

A great resource for more info is peeonastick.com

Good Luck and sending you babydust.

Lizzie asks…

ovulation test strips…?

does a positive ovulation test strip for 6 days mean that i am probably pregnant? with the first 5 tests, they were all positive and equal in color…today the 6th test was positve and the test line was much darker…??

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Yes, you could be pregnant, although ovulation test strips are not made to detect pregnancy, they do! When you ovulate your body creates a hormone called LH, this hormone is produced in small amounts throughout your cycle HOWEVER right before ovulation you get a “surge” of this hormone to help with ovulation thats what the test strips check for. When you ARE pregnant your body produces a hormone called HCG AND LH, this is why if you are pregnant you will get a positive OPK and a positive Pregnancy test! But when you ovulate you ONLY make the LH so only a ovulation test would detect that :)

In summary IF you have been getting + OPK’s for 5 days now I would highly suggest taking a HPT. It is very possible you are already pregnant! If the pregnancy test is negative I would call your DR because Having that much LH in your body could make it difficult to get pregnant, but I DO think there is a very GOOD chance you are Pregnant! Congratulations!

OPKs measure LH
HPT’s measure LH & HCG

Check out this link!


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Negative Lh Surge And Pregnancy

Carol asks…

OPK positive 3 days, now negative, can I still be pregnant?

I have been using OPK for the first time this month…I got a positive result of LH surge for 3 days and now its negative..can i still be pregnant? Should I even bother getting a HPT?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Did you have sex while he OPK indicated LH surge? Do not depend on the OPK for pregnancy test…HPTs are designed to catch the pregnancy harmones not OPKs.

Wait until you miss period if you wish to save money on HPT giving false negetive. Then take a HPT.

All the best

Laura asks…

When is the best time to have sex?

Ok the first day of my last period was Jan 21…I just took an ovulation predictor test and both the lines are visible….So it says that I should ovulate within the next 24-48 so when is the best time for me to try? With my other two pregnancies we didn’t really “try” but now we are trying to plan to have a baby..and November would be great timing : ) oh and one of the lines on my ovulation test is a little bit more faint than the other…Can anyone maybe suggest a good ovulation test as well thanks!

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

You haven’t detected your surge yet- 2 lines means nothing on an ovulation test as, unlike a pregnancy test, a woman always has the LH hormone in her system. It is only when this hormone surges, producing a test line that is as dark as, or usually darker than, the control line, should a test be considered positive, and you’ll likely ovulate within the next 24 hours or so. As you had the test line fainter than the control line, even if it wasn’t by much, it should be regarded as a negative test and you should keep testing. Simply having two lines isn’t a positive (unlike a pregnancy test, where any line on the test should be regarded as positive).

When you do detect your surge have sex the day of the positive test and for the following two days as well to make sure you catch the egg. Good luck.

Maria asks…

Sustained Elevated LH in blood: what are the causes?

I am using OPKs to pinpoint my fertility and today is the 9th day in a row that I am getting my VERY positive OPK. The tests are not deffective (Answer brand) because I tested on my husband’s urine, and no Test line came up at all. My temperature chart indicates that I ovulated 3 days ago (that is with previous 6 positive OPK) and as of today I still get it positive. I tested for pregnancy in case OPK picks up HCGH and it came back negative. Thank you.
P.S. I am not overweight and even though I ovulate late, I still get my period every month. My cycles vary from 28 to 36 days. I have not been diagnosed with PCOS and I had a blood test done for TH

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Women naturally produce LH throughtout the month, but OPK’s are trying to find the day when that LH surges past a women’s normal baseline LH. It’s possible that your baseline LH is a little to high for these over-the-counter kits, but if it were me, I’d have a Dr. Order a set of hormone tests to be certain that everything is okay. (Also, just as an anecdotal aside, I’d believe the temp charts ahead of the OPK. I used bbt to conceive my son, as I could never get an OPK to accurate predict ovulation, and I tried them for months.)

Susan asks…

where does all the semen flow ?

hello there,
im 24 years. married in november 2006.my previous preiod dates were:
22 nov 06
26 dec 06
25 jan 07
i want to get pregnent/we want a baby.
we had intercourse on the 7th,8th of feb and again will on the 10th.
1. when is my ovulating date ?
both the times previously we did the man on top position with a pillow under my thighs and lay in bed for 1/2 after that. his penetraion was deep and with thrusts but…i still had semen at the inner-outside and tip of my vagaina.
2. is this normal ?
3. should all the semen have gone inside ? or does it find its way in path and quantity required ?
4. what are the earliest symptoms of pregnency ?
kindly adivce :-)
regards, freda.

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

1. It’s hard to tell an ovulation date based on numbers alone. Every woman is different. Some ovulate rather early (day 10 or 11) and some ovulate much later (day 24 or 25). Either way is normal. The easiest way to tell your ovulation date is to purchase an ovulation predictor kit. The most commonly used kits contain 7 test sticks that look like pregnancy tests, and you test your urine each day during the week you are most likely to ovulate based on your cycle (it includes a chart to tell you when to start testing). They tell you when you experience a hormonal shift called an LH surge, and once this surge is detected, you will probably ovulate within 12-36 hours.
Another way to pinpoint ovulation and discover which days are best to have intercourse is to follow the fertility awareness method. You take your basal body temperature first thing each morning and record it on a chart, and you also check for discharge called cervical mucus or cervical fluid (sounds kind of gross, I know). The most fertile cervical fluid is stretchy and the consistancy of eggwhites. When you notice you’re having fluid like this, you are probably most fertile. Your morning temperatures will rise and stay high after you ovulate (but by then it’s too late, so you can’t really rely on temps alone to tell when you are about to ovulate). This method is very effective for trying to conceive, and keeping a record of your body’s behavior like this will help you understand yourself better so you can notice irregularities or problems early on and talk to your doctor if you ever need to. You can find more information about fertility awareness at www.fertilityfriend.com – it’s an awesome site.

2 & 3. It’s normal for some semen to seep out after intercourse. Each ejaculation contains millions and millions of sperm. Both missionary style and rear entry style will position the ejaculation close to the opening of your cervix. Upon ejaculation, sperm has a more gelatinous texture, but after a while it becomes more liquid. Gravity will naturally force some of it to seep out of you, but that is completely normal and will not harm your chances to conceive. If you are having intercourse during your fertile time, the fertile quality cervical fluid (with the egg white consistency) will act both as nourishment and as a vehicle for the sperm’s transportation. It protects it from the harsh conditions of the vagina and allows it safe passage through the cervix into the fallopian tubes, where conception will take place.

4. The earliest symptoms of pregnancy often are similar to the symptoms you experience when you’re about to start your period – tender breasts, exhaustion, etc. If you are charting your temperature, it’s recommended that you wait at least 16 days after your temperature spike before you take a test. This waiting time is often the most excruciating, but testing too early can waste tests (sometimes it takes a while for the pregnancy hormones to built up to the point where the home tests can detect them) and can cause a lot of anxiety from the negative results, worrying if maybe they are false negatives or what.

I’m sorry this is so long-winded – you had a lot of questions packed in there! I hope some of this was helpful to you. Good luck with trying to conceive! I wish you the best! If you want, check out the website www.fertilityfriend.com – it is one of the best resources out there, and this method has been so valuable for countless women trying to conceive.

Donna asks…

Is it possible that I am pregnant?

I have really irregular periods and i’ve been off for about a month & haven’t had another one since. I’ve been slightly nauseated for about a week and for the past couple days I have been having really light menstrual cramps.

so, my health teacher has told me there is only one day (24 hours) in a month when a female can get pregnant. Is this true?!

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Yes. But…

Like typical men do, the sperm will wait around for that one day. You ovulate once in your period – textbook says about 14 days before next period is due. Sperm can live in the uterus 2 or 3 possibly maybe up to 5 days waiting for ovulation. If no sperm, the egg usually gives up and dies within a day.

And, depending on how regular your cycle is, that ovulation time may be off from month to month a few days or a lot. There are OPK (ovulation Predictor Kits) to test for the LH hormone surge just before ovulation, if you really gotta know (ie, trying to conceive). Or, google “cervical mucus”.

It is very rare to get pregnant outside of the normal window give or take a few days, but if your ovulation is off schedule – some women on these sort of sites will swear they got pregnant just before , just after or during their period, not just at the designanted time. Unless you’re testing, how would you know?

So yes, you only can get pregnant that one day a month. But which day? You don’t know. Even if you did know, if you had sex a day or two before the indicator – you may already have the necessary sperm inside still alive when the egg arrives; and it’s too late to stop it (except for Plan B).

The calendar or rhythm method says avoid 5 days before and 3 days after your ovulation day, so about days 9 to 18 for most women with 28-day regular cycles (day 14 or 15 is the likely day). This method is also called “Vatican Roulette” named after Russian Roulette and in honor of the Vatican stand on birth control. It’s a bit safer than playing Russian Roulette, but not by much.

So they have a name for women who use the calendar or pull-out for birth control – they call them “mommy”.

With your irregular periods, there’s no predicting when ovulation could happen; you could be pregnant, or just irregular. Morning sickness usually does not happen until about 4 or 5 weeks after conception. You should see a whole bunch of other symptoms already – sore breasts/nipples, headaches, lower back ache, frequent urination, dizziness, tiredness. If you don’t see a lot of these, either you’re lucky or not pregnant.

If you are more than 2 weeks along (since you think you could be overdue) then a home test should give an accurate result. First sample of the morning is most concentrated; if you don’t believe the negative result, keep trying every few days. Maybe you don’t produce enough hGC (pregnancy hormone) to register yet. The early response tests (like “Frist Response”) are more sensitive. If you get even one positive, it means the hGC was detected, and you are.

Wrap it every time, or get on birth control unless you don’t have to for 9 months!

Good luck!

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Ovulation Calculator For 3 Months

Donna asks…

How long does sperm live?

I had sex on the 1st and i used a ovulation calculator and it said my most fertile days are the 3rd through the 8th…how likely is it to get pregnant and how long does sperm live?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

It can be very likely! I hope this is your month!

Lisa asks…

How long does it take to concieve a baby?

Me and my boyfriend broke up for 4 months, I started seeing someone else,we had protected sex twice in September then 3 weeks later my boyfriend and I got back together,had sex on October 7(unprotected)now I’m preganant,I want to keep the baby but I’m scared it may be the other guy’s baby. How long does it take to concieve a baby? that will help me detrmine who fatherd the baby until I visit the Dr.

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

You cannot know until you find out how many weeks’ pregnant you are. Assuming you’ve only missed one period, it seems likely your boyfriend is the father.

For an educated guess, plug in the dates of your last period into an ovulation calculator like this one:


This will at least give you an idea when you were most likely to be fertile.

Carol asks…

how likely am i pregnant if i had sex what i think is 3 days before ovulation?

My boyfriend of 4 years and I have been trying for a baby. I had my last period on the 26th June. We had sex on the 7th July. I went on holiday then on the 8th-15th and while on holiday I started to get slight cramping in my stomach. I used an online ovulation calculator and it said I should ovulate on the 10th, as I have no idea about this whole ovulation stuff. Although I know these calculators aren’t 100% and my periods are never the same time every month, I was just wondering whether anyone has become pregnant 3 days before they’re meant to ovulate and how likely I am to be pregnant? Thank you :)

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

You could be but unlikely

Lizzie asks…

Chances of getting pregnant about a day after ovulation?

I ovulated on 12/16, and had unprotected intercourse on 12/17. My calendar shows that I was still in high fertility. I am TTC.

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Were you doing the ovulation calculator or the test strips? I was doing the calculator for the first 2 months and the 3rd month bought the test strips, realized I ovulate earlier than the calculator says. But you still have a chance of being pregnant on the off days of ovulation. I think it said 20% chance or something.. I read all about it under TTC on www.webmd.com gives you tips on it! Good luck!!

Mary asks…

how long can sperm live inside you for?

hi im ttc and im just wondering how long sperm could live in side you for? ???…okay heres the story…my period this month arrived on the 13th meaning i ovulate 14 days after right?….i had sex on the 25th and 26th of this month …is this my ovulation period ??.i think so cuz i used one of those online ovulation calculator and it said frm 26th -the 29th ……what are my chances of being pregnant with that info given?

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

They say from 3 – 5 days…
Check out

it has all the info you need on ovulation kits, ovulation charting, home pregnancy tests, types of tests, when to test, everything!

Good luck

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Long Lh Surge After Miscarriage

Donna asks…

Is it possible to get a positive ovulation test the first time u see a second line?

Ok so hubby and I have been ttc for almost 2 years we have gotten pregnant 3 times before (2 daughters one miscarriage) without it taking this long!! So here is my question…

I started ovulation tests strips last month and I did not see and sings of ovulation!! This month i took the the ovulation tests and I thought nothing was going to happen(because I only saw the test line!) until I said “I’m going to try one more night,” and that night there was a second line!! :) and it seemed as if the ovulation line was darker then the test line!! So I tested again the second night and the ovulation test line seemed lighter then the night before! But then I tried again the night after Thant and the line is still there and it seems the same as last night or even a little darker!

So is that possible?? The first time I had an ovulation line appear (not the test line the second line) it seemed as if it was the one!! Being darker then the test line!! Can that happen? And then the next few night to have the second line still be there but lighter then the test line?? I’m seconded guessing myself now I think it is possible but I want to KNOW not think lol!

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

Absolutely possible. The LH surge is just that: a surge, a high spike in hormone levels. In some women their LH levels when not surging are high enough to cause a faint second line, in others they aren’t. Some women have a fade-in-fade-out pattern, others don’t. A true positive (test – ovulation – line at least as dark as control line) really is the only useful information you get from these tests.

The first night was your positive. The second night you caught the tail end of that surge.

Ruth asks…

4 weeks past ovulation Af 2weeks late tomorrow! missed MC 26th Aug? and worried please help!?

my last pregnancy sadley ended in a d+c at 12 weeks and 5 days after being told at my first scan that i was carring non identical twins but they had no heart beats.
i had my last period on the 31st october.
i know i deff ovulated on the 14th (+opk).
we BDed on the 11th 12th 13th 14th.
i got Bfns on 26th Nov 28th 4th Dec 8th (hpt)
i also had a blood test done on the 3rd Dec wich would have been about 3weeks past ovulation also BFN!

i wouldnt be worried at all and just take it im not pregnant but in my last pregnancy i didnt get my positive until 10 weeks 5 days.
what could be the reson for these BFNs if i am pregnant and why wouldnt AF have reared her ugly head if i deff ovulated? luteal phase surely couldnt be that long?
have any of you experianced this?
i could really do with some advice!
or hope or anything!
thanx a million for answering me! *********************

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

It’s possible that even though you got a positive opk, you didn’t actually ovulate.You can get a LH surge but not actually ovulate. This happened to me after I had a D&C. I had positives on 2 seperate occasions but didn’t ovulate – I know because I didn’t get a thermal shift in my temps. I eventually ovulated on day 35 of my cycle.
I think it’s really unlikely you are pregnant if you are getting all the bfns. Maybe you are just having a long cycle? Things can be pretty messed up after a miscarriage.

Linda asks…

I have PCOS help, advice and tips please?

I have recently been diagnosed with PCOS, I was on the pill until nov 07, straight after my cycles seemed to go back to normal, the from January this year they all went scoo wiff.
40 days without a period, we had an accident so I took a morning after pill, then about a week later I had a period. Just though oh well only recently off the pill must be a long cycle. Then about 50 days no period took a morning after pill to see what happened and oh a week later a period. Then 110 days no period took morning and what happens I have a period on 116th day. I had already been to see my doctor by this time as I was getting V worried. He sent me for a blood test, which I had when I was on my period. It came back with a big LH:FSH ratio, FSH 2.9 and LH 8.4 or something so he sent me for an ultra sound. It confirmed I have PCOS, I was gutted I have never cried so much. I am still thinking about it constantly and on the net all the time looking for a miracle cure!!! So I saw the doctor, she set me the challenge of loosing weight and exercising more. I managed the exercise but I am so down I can’t diet. Well anyway my husband and I have decided to TTC we started on 22/10/08, I did a test today like I do everyday, I am spending a fortune and it was negative.
I went to the doctors last night as it has been 90 days since my last period and I don’t know what to do I am beside myself. As surely if I do fall now my uterus lining will be no good as it has not been shed for so long(I am sorry for the long boring too much info but I feel like I have no one to talk to. And I trying to give as much info as possible.) He said I am slightly overweight not much BMI 25.7. And that I should loose weight. He won’t prescribe provera as he said it suppress the ovaries and I should just wait and keep trying. He has referred me to a gyn so I will have to weight and see what she says.

The thing is I feel pregnant. on 16/11/07 I was getting really heavy milky discharge, I kept running to the toilet to see if I had come on, that stopped after 3 days, then on 22/11/08 I have really sensitive nipples that hurt, they still do today. Plus they are constantly erect. I now have no discharge and am v dry. I have had loads of weird pains and feeling in my stomach. And a weird feeling in my vagina can’t explain it. The last time I had unprotected sex was 14/11/08. Is it too early to test.
I am asking for tips advice. Is anyone experincing the same thing. I did a test today and it was neg. How often should I test as I don’t have a periods.
I have been using a ovulation kit but they are soo difficult to read plus I am not sure how accurate they are with PCOS suffers, for two days in a row it said positive then yesterday negative. Please help. Plus every doctor I have seen 3 in total tells me diferent things. One said yes the map would bring me on, one said no it wouldn’t it is just a coincidence. One said I don’t know. I COULD SCREAM. I just want my normal cycles back and to have a baby x thanks in advance and sorry.

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

I don’t have PCOS but I do have insulin resistance and that is a condition that goes with PCOS and I can tell you that if you do not get your diet and exercise routines under control you will have a much more difficult time conceiving. Since your doctor is telling you to watch your diet and exercise, I highly suspect they think you have Insulin Resistance, especially if there is any incidence of diabetes in your family as Insulin resistance is a pre-diabetic condition. (Google that for more info). You do have to do both diet and exercise. If your blood sugar is too high your body will produce testosterone to get your blood sugar levels under control. This production of testosterone will not let your eggs develop properly and that causes infertility and miscarriages. I am surprised that your doctor has not tried to put you on Metformin as that is a commonly prescribed PCOS and insulin resistance medication.

If you are in the US, the specialist you should be seeing is called a reproductive endocrinologist. If you are not currently seeing one, request a referral. They can prescribe medications like Clomid, Femara, HCG shots, and HMG shots that will help you ovulate.

I believe the milky discharge you are speaking of is the “egg white discharge” (google that term for more info) that is common when a woman ovulates. You didn’t have it when you were on the pill because the pill makes your body think that you are pregnant, so there is no need for you to ovulate. Some women get ovulation pain in one or both ovaries when they ovulate.

When you take an ovulation kit, the first positive you get means that your LH surge has been detected and you should ovulate within 72 hours. So you want to start having sex the day you get the first positive. Whether or not it is positive on subsequent days is irrelevant, you should not take another opk test after you have gotten your first positive result until the next cycle.

You need to start charting your cycles if you haven’t already. Fertilityfriend.com is a great charting resource and will get you started with a free trial of their software. You should be charting your basal body temperature every morning. You will need to chart when you have had positive opk results. It is also helpful to chart your cervical mucus (yuck, I know but it helps) and other symptoms so you can start to tell the difference between PMS symptoms, ovulation symptoms, and possible pregnancy symptoms.

Lisa asks…

Question about TTC…?

My husband and I have been trying to conceive now for almost 15 months. We’re both young (21 and 23) and because of that the doctors I’ve been working with seem to really be taking their time trying to figure out why we haven’t gotten pregnant yet. ANYWAY, here’s my main part of the question: My older sister just told me that she’s pregnant. They’ve only been trying for 4 months. She feels bad for me and she told me this is how it worked for them: she took ovulation tests every day, and on the day it was positive, she and her spouse had intercourse several times all day and then got pregnant. Here’s the thing: I didn’t know it was possible to do that. My husband has only ever been able to have intercourse once in 24 hours. Is this normal? He’s very healthy and fit and is only 23, but we both lost our virginity to each other after we were married and so we’ve never had any other sexual partners to compare to, and I just assumed it was normal. So since he’s young and healthy but can only have intercourse once within 24 hours (and also he doesn’t last very long even then) does it look like he’s the one with the problem? Sorry if this doesn’t make sense!! PLEASE RESPOND!!

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

I disagree with the above responder. Yes, many healthy males in their 20′s are rearing to go all the time but some people get worn out having sex all the time. It’s not just a physical but a mental thing. I do think he should have a semen analysis right away because you should both be screened for obvious issues and they may want to make sure his testosterone and sperm count is where it should be.
I also disagree that you should have sex several times in one day. You are not increasing your odds of pregnancy, as the sperm count will reduce every time you have sex so closely together. You may just be increasing your chances of a urinary tract infection, which can cause you to have a miscarriage, if you do get pregnant.
Start having sex every other day about 5 days before expected ovulation. Have sex every day after you get a positive OPK until the day after you expected to ovulate and then you can also try having sex a every other day for a few days after that (just in case you had an LH surge but did not ovulate, which can happen when you are stressed)
Hopefully, you are also BBT charting on a site like fertilityfriend.com. It is an excellent site and BBT charting can tell you A LOT about your cycle.
You may want to ask about having an HSG to rule out tubal or uterine abnormalities but also first get your husband to have a semen analysis and his hormone levels checked. If everything checks out, then don’t worry that he doesn’t want to be a “piece of meat,” not every man is like that ;-)
Best of luck xxx

Jenny asks…

In cycle day 14 and yet to ovulate this is not normal at all for my cycle.. Please read question inside?

I had my first period after a miscarriage July13-18 I usually had 32 day cycle and got positive ovulation test the 12 th day in my cycle but this period was diff. it was longer then my other ones. I understand that cycles can change after a miscarriage but i have been taking ovulation tests since cycle day 7 and i am now in cycle day 14 and still have not gotten a positive. I am using the internet brand strips if that helps..when the heck am i going to ovulate in this cycle?? I write down alla my periods like when they begin when they end how long i spotted after and when i get a positive ovulation tests and I always get the positive the 12th day.. before I used answer brand should i go back to those?I know it prolly doesnt matter but i want to TTC. I know that I ovulated last month cause I got a period this month. How late in the cycle is normal to ovulate? Like would day 20 be normal? SO and I have been b’dancing since cycle day 7 just to be safe that we dont miss it. Thanks All
Oh and also thought I would add that when I get positive result on ovulation test my period comes 20 dpo and the month after my miscarriage it would have done the same if I counted right.
Like bled may 6-11 then around May 17th would have been “cycle day 12″ and then 20 some days later my period came..
All my tests have the faint lines beside the control line some look darker then others but not as dark same color as control line does it mean any thing if you can see them? Also should I start takin my fertility blend pills again so i can help out the ovulation or should I wait and see if I ovulate later and then if i dont star them next cycle?
I just want a family ]=

Pregnancy Advisor’s answers:

This is my third month using opks. The first month I didn’t get a positive opk until cd17, the second month I got a positive opk on cd11, this month I got my positive opk on cd14. I had a miscarriage in March and ever since my cycles have been all out of whack (obviously lol) I also use the internet brand cheapie tests and this month I used clearblue digital to confirm it because the test line looked “funny”, and got my smiley face :) Just give it some time….. Your body is still probably trying to sort itself out.

Add:: forgot to mention that I have always been regular like clockwork!

If you’ve started to see the faint line you should be getting a positive in the next few days. Since your using the cheapie tests, test at least twice a day. I test at around 11am and again at around 4pm. My LH surges are super short, got my positive on my am test this month and by my 4pm test it was gone…..I recommend if it’s in your “budget” to do so lol, test as often as you can until you get your positive. Don’t forget you need to try to hold your urine for 3-4 hours before testing.

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